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Effects of Reiki on Pain and Anxiety In The Elderly Diagnosed With Dementia: A Series of Case Reports

Beverly Meland, RMT

Abstract
Six participants in the Great Opportunities Adult Day Services in Skokie, Illinois (an affi liate of Presbyterian Homes), between the ages of 68 and 91 years with diagnosed dementia as well as anxiety and pain were selected to receive a 20-minute Reiki therapy session twice a week for 4 weeks. A registered nurse with a digital monitor recorded their blood pressure and heart rate before and after each session. The Wong-Baker Smiley Face Scale was used to assess the participants general level of well-being and pain. Behavioral changes were documented with observational surveys used by an activities therapist and a recreational therapist of the adult daycare center as well as family members of the participants. The Institutional Review Board of Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, granted approval for this study. Written consent was obtained from potential participants families, and verbal assent was obtained from participants in advance.

Following are 6 case reports in which fi ctitious names are used. Each contains a Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) score. The MMSE is a screening tool used to measure cognitive impairment. Normal is >27; mild, 26-21; moderate, 20-11; severe, <10.

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